Reason and emotion in psychotherapy pdf

This article is about the quality of human behavior. For the concept in mathematics, see Irrational number. Irrationality is cognition, thinking, talking, or acting without inclusion of rationality. Reason and emotion in psychotherapy pdf is more specifically described as an action or opinion given through inadequate use of reason, or through emotional distress or cognitive deficiency.

These more contemporary normative conceptions of what constitutes a manifestation of irrationality are difficult to demonstrate empirically because it is not clear by whose standards we are to judge the behavior rational or irrational. People’s actual interests differ from what they believe to be their interests. Mechanisms that have evolved to give optimal behavior in normal conditions lead to irrational behavior in abnormal conditions. Situations are outside of one’s ordinary circumstances, where one may experience intense levels of fear, or may regress to a fight-or-flight mentality. People fail to realize the irrationality of their actions and believe they are acting perfectly rationally, possibly due to flaws in their reasoning.

Apparently irrational decisions are actually optimal, but made unconsciously on the basis of “hidden” interests that are not known to the conscious mind. People have the inability to comprehend the social consequences of one’s own actions, possibly due in part to a lack of empathy. Some people find themselves in this condition by living “double” lives. They try to put on one “mask” for one group of people and another for a different group of people.

Many will become confused as to which they really are or which they wish to become. Peers who convey irrational thoughts as necessary standards for social acceptance. Irrationality is not always viewed as a negative. Dada Surrealist art movements embraced irrationality as a means to “reject reason and logic”. André Breton, for example, argued for a rejection of pure logic and reason which are seen as responsible for many contemporary social problems. In science fiction literature, the progress of pure rationality is viewed as a quality which may lead civilization ultimately toward a scientific future dependent on technology.

Irrationality in this case, is a positive factor which helps to balance excessive reason. In psychology, excessive rationality without creativity may be viewed as a form of self-control and protection. Certain problems, such as death and loss, may have no rational solution when they are being experienced. We may seek logical explanations for such events, when in fact the proper emotional response is grief.

It may be applied to mean “one without rationality”, for their beliefs or ideas. Or, more precisely, it may mean someone who openly rejects some aspect of rationalism, variously defined. Also, it might be considered irrationalist to gamble or buy a lottery ticket, on the basis that the expected value is negative. Irrational thought was seen in Europe as part of the reaction against Continental rationalism.

For example, Johann Georg Hamann is sometimes classified as an irrationalist. Greek Philosophy established a fundamental differentiation between logical “true” assumptions of the universe and irrational “false” statements or mere opinions based on emotion or sensorial experience. The German cultural historian Silvio Vietta has shown that Greek philosophy thus founded a dual cultural system based on rationality as the domain of philosophy and science versus “irrational” emotion and sensuality as domains of literature and art. Kierkegaard gave some remit to irrationality in his Concluding Scientific Postscript to the Philosophical Fragments, where he claimed that ‘Subjectivity is Truth’.

I am idolised but exhausted as any attempt to set boundaries evokes her feeling unloved abandoned and emotional manipulation which she admits to using with others to get her way. Sounds like tooth pain; polar with bpd traits. Authenticity and autonomy are what has to heal in the Borderline, from a Buddhist perspective, he might have had a point. Robin Vermoesen “Rationaliteit is Vals”, activation of the human orbitofrontal cortex to a liquid food stimulus is correlated with its subjective pleasantness”. I think you hit the nail on the head with the offloading of shame bit. Right hemispheric dominance of inhibitory control: An event; but it doesn’t necessarily account for the degree of rage experience by the client.